How to

There are so many essential oils out there, and you are probably wondering…

How do I use essential oils? And Which essential oils do I use?

I will address both of these concerns in this post to help you sort this out, and I have also created a FREE and EASY to use Basic Essential Oil Chart as a reference guide to help you decide which oil you can possibly use for whichever basic need you may have like headaches, feeling anxiousness, or needing to repel insects because you want to hike in the woods.

Okay, let’s start.

How Do I Use Essential Oils?

There are three methodologies in using essential oil. They are inhalation (aromatically), application (topically), or ingestion (internally). Essential oils are volatile, meaning they evaporate quickly and are rapidly absorbed into the body. Essential oils are also fat-soluble so when they are applied to the skin, their chemical compounds are absorbed and go right into the bloodstream. In regard to ingesting, one must note that eating fresh plant food or dried herbs is different from eating the oils. The oils are concentrated and, therefore, more potent than whole plant material.

Now, let’s look at how to use each method.


You can inhale the oils in several ways:

  • Simply open the oil bottle and breath in.
  • You can also place a drop of oil in the palm of your hands and then rub your hands together. Then cup your hands around the nose and mouth and breath in.
  • You can use a diffuser, a device that evaporates an essential oil into a surrounding environment. Like many people today, I shopped and bought a diffuser online. To read about the diffuser that I bought and tried, click here or go to my Product Resources and Reviews Tab and find the Ultrasonic Diffuser Review – The Instant Mood Changer for Everyone in the Room.
  • You can also use a spray bottle where the oil is added to water or alcohol and spray into the air.


First, read up (can use Basic Essential Oil Chart) on the oil that you want to use to make sure it is safe to apply directly without dilution. (Please see below for dilution guidelines.) Remember these oils are concentrated and so can be potent and cause sensitivity to the skin when applied. If dilution is required, a carrier oil such as fractionated coconut oil can be used.

Many quality oils are safe to use directly on the skin with no carrier oil. Make sure you are buying 100% pure quality oil with no other additives included. Even with a 100% pure oil, some consist of phytochemical components that tend to be sensitive to the skin, and therefore, diluting this type of oil will negate the sensitivity. I don’t want you to think that 100% pure necessarily means that it will not cause sensitivity. When applying be sure to avoid sensitive skin areas such as eyes, inner ears, genitals, and broken, damaged, or injured skin.

Here are some topical ways:

  • You can apply the oil in one of the most common location which is at the bottoms of the feet.
  • You can massage the oil thoroughly into the skin. Massaging will increase blood flow to the area and, therefore, absorption of the oil is enhanced.
  • You can drive the oil deeper into the tissues after massaging with a heated rice bag or moist cloth compress.
  • You can also use a spray bottle where the oil is added to water and spray onto the body for cooling or soothing benefits.
  • You can combine both topical and aromatic method by placing oil in bathwater.


Internal or ingestion of oil is the most potent method of use and following proper dosage is recommended for safety in avoiding unnecessary overuse or toxicity. Dosage guidelines for internal use vary depending on the age and size of the person as well as an individual’s health condition.

Oils with labels such as “Safe for Supplemental Use” or “Supplement Facts” serve as indicators that these are oils that can be taken internally. Please be aware that some oils are not safe to ingest at all such as oils from needles of trees like pine essential oil and some bark oils like cypress and some varieties of eucalyptus.

Here are some ingestion ways:

  • You can place 1 drop under the tongue.
  • You can place 1 drop in gelatin cap or veggie cap, and then swallow the cap with some water.
  • You can place 1 drop in hot beverages such as tea, food, or in drinking water.

Dosage Information

A common internal dose for an adult is 1 to 5 drops of essential oil every two to six hours depending on the oils selected. Base on the safety guidelines, you do not want to exceed 25 drops of essential oils in divided-up doses in a 24-hour period. This method allows the liver enough time to process each dosage. This dosage should be adjusted for a person’s age, size, and health condition. If a higher dose is desired or you are unsure in regards to taking the oils internally, consulting an aromatherapist or a doctor is always a good idea.


There are several good carrier oils to use for dilution. Fractionated coconut oil is a good carrier oil because it has a longer shelf life and comes odorless and colorless. It also sprays well when placed in spray bottles. Fractionated coconut oil also doesn’t clog up pores.

There are other good carrier oils such as virgin coconut oil, jojoba oil, grapeseed oil, almond oil, and avocado oil. Jojoba oil is great for acne-prone skin as it breaks down excess sebum. I use evening primerose oil for my face because I suffer from adult acne, and I have dry aging skin as well. Evening primerose also breaks down excess sebum but at the same time will improve the elasticity of the skin and encourages regeneration of the skin cells.

So, here’s the recommended ratios for dilution:

  • Babies 0.3% 1 drop of EO to 1 Tablespoon of carrier oil
  • Children 1.0%. 1 drop of EO to 1 teaspoon of carrier oil
  • Adults 2.0-4.0%. 3-6 drops of EO to 1 teaspoon of carrier oil

Which Essential Oil Do I Use?

Okay, now you know the various methods to using essential oils so let’s talk about finding the right oil for you to use. First, determine what you would like to address in regards to your wellness. Let’s say, you would like to see if using essential oils will help with your allergies. Instead of reading up on every essential oil that’s out there and what each one can do, you can use the Free and Easy to use Basic Essential Oil Chart that is downloadable so that you can refer to it any time and at any place you desire. I have gathered and created this chart based on some basic needs that one may have and listed the different types of oils available that may help with those needs.

So going back to our example of taking care of allergies, you would look up allergies on the chart. Next, determine which oil would work best for you in the available optional oils that would help with allergies. There are four optional oils to use for allergies. This part might simply be a bit of trial and error to figure out because different phytochemical components in a particular oil might work better for you than others. So if cilantro oil does not work so well for you, you might want to try frankincense, and remember even using the same oil but using it differently such as inhaling versus ingesting will make a difference also.

For your copy of the FREE and EASY to use Basic Essential Oil Chart click here to download.

Sample view of your FREE Chart from 




Virendra · October 10, 2019 at 8:19 pm

WOW, I love using essential oils, but if I can’t find on the instructions how to use it, I only use it in my oil diffuser, doesn’t always have the effect that I’d like, but better then nothing ;). But with your chart, I can find out whether or not I can use the oils on my skin or drinks! Thank you for this amazing information!

    DianeB · October 10, 2019 at 10:04 pm

    You bet! Glad the chart will help. I know that’s what I needed too.

Ivan Brozincevic · October 10, 2019 at 8:19 pm

Thanks for sharing your article about basic essential oils. I’ll download the chart as well. Much appreciated! Ivan

    DianeB · October 10, 2019 at 10:08 pm

    Thanks Ivan. Glad to help!

Justin Crowley · October 11, 2019 at 2:55 am

I have been using essential oils as well as doing some research on them lately. Some information out on the internet can be confusing but you really broke it down in simple terms to understand. Great post!

    DianeB · October 15, 2019 at 10:02 am

    I’m glad this post was helpful to you. Wish you all the success in using essential oils. Here’s to your health.

Karen · October 17, 2019 at 7:50 pm

You’ve really put a lot into this. I don’t think most people know there are different ways to apply them.

    DianeB · October 18, 2019 at 9:45 pm

    Thank you, Karen. Yes, most people just think of diffusing the oils, but they can do so much more.

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